Language Policy and Language Repression: The Case of Spanish Basques and Mexican Americans.
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Although the histories of the Basques and of Mexican Americans are very different, both groups have experienced official repression against their culture and language by the dominant society. In both cases, the schools were a principal instrument of this assimilationist policy. Both groups have had to struggle to keep their language thriving: resistance to the majority group's domination has taken many forms, including militant activism and legislative reform. While bilingual education is now allowed in both cases, its main objective has been to transition children into use of the dominant language rather than to maintain their own language. Twenty-one references. (cas)